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Year : 2017  |  Volume : 4  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 38-40

Community-acquired pneumonia caused by Lophomona sp.

1 Department of Emergency, Critical Care Service, National Hospital Dos de Mayo, Lima, Peru
2 Department of Medicine, Critical Care Service, Regional Hospital Santa Rosa, Puerto Maldonado, Peru
3 Department of Pneumology, Institut Clinic del Tórax, Hospital Clinic of Barcelona - Institut d'Investigacions Biomèdiques August Pi i Sunyer, Barcelona, Spain

Correspondence Address:
Díaz Willy
Department of Emergency, Critical Care Service, Hospital Nacional Dos de Mayo, MINSA, C/Miguel Grau 13, 15003 Lima
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/cai.cai_8_17

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Human infection with Lophomonas sp. a protozoan that parasitizes the intestinal tracts of termites and cockroaches is extremely rare; also clinical features are not fully understood. China is the country with the majority of cases reported in the literature. Here, we reported a case of Lophomonas sp. infection confirmed by tracheal aspirate on the microscopic observations. The patient was a 49-year-old male from a jungle city called "Madre de Dios" where he works as taxi driver and stonemason. He was admitted to the Intensive Care Unit on February 5, 2013, because the course with respiratory failure and hypoxemia, high fever, and generalized myalgias. The patient was successfully treated by metronidazole 500 mg t.i.d. for 17 days. This is the first case report of Lophomonas sp. in Madre de Dios city in Peru.

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